Via Ferrata is a equipped path traced on a rocky wall composed by specific elements (ropes, steps, pedals, cable, stairs etc.). It's designed to ensure security and facilitate the progression even for those who have never climbed (climbing is another activity). To face Via Ferrata it's needed: Via Ferrata sets (heatsink), helmet, harness. Remain fundamental athleticism, the propensity for the mountain environment and especially not to suffer from vertigo!!




The vignettes shows the elements that compose Via Ferrata Cabirol:

1 - steel cable divided into segments that permit a safe progression on the rock wall

2 - steel stairs that facilitate the movements and progression

3 - the same rock and rock ledges that we will use for the progression


The five levels to know how much Via Ferrata is difficult:


- Level 1 (easy): Trail is mostly linear without an important height difference but it's exposed; walking have a prevalent part; possible shorts ladders during the trail; there are always climbing aids (steel foothold and handhold); short Via Ferrata.

- Level 2 (moderately difficult): Trail is mainly exposed; Via Ferrata is long and with the presence of long ladderarms could be used for vertical progression; presence of vertical sections; foothold and handhold smaller than level 1.

- Level 3 (difficult): Trail is long and exposed; trained arms needed to face overhanging vertical section; trail is always exposed; adeguate climbing aids;

- Level 4 (very difficult): Trail with long technique sections; mainly vertical and overhanging; some climbing aids but often only steel cable; strong arms and hands.

- Level 5 (extremely difficult): climbing technique needed; few climbing aids; almost vertical and overhanging; easier section could be unprotected; arms and hands strong and trained for climbing.


Cabirol could be considered an easy Ferrata in the low ledge section and a moderately difficult ferrata in the upper ledge.


Necessary equipment for Via Ferrata (in case of Cabirol provided by us):

1 - Ferrata Kit with heatsink *

2 - Harness

3 - Carabiners 'K' for Ferrata

3 - Helmet approved for climbing

4 - Gloves, not obligatory, but very useful in wet conditions and to prevent abrasion

5 - Static Longe for rest (30 centimeters)


* Heatsink: is a bag / container located between harness and elastic longes in which there is a webbing. In case of fall the heatsink act like an airbag and prevent to take a big hit on the spinal column.


Rules and advice

Assuming that the on-field experience is vital to understand clearly rules and advice, we can list some basic rules and tips to improve the security and progression on Via Ferrate.

Note: Some of these rules are adapted only to the type of kit Ferrata 'Y' with elastic longes.

1 - Starting point: We must be full equipped before reaching the starting point and so we could face the steel cable hooking our carabiners 'antagonist': one with the opening facing the rock wall and the other with the opening facing our body.

2 - The progression on the cable: during the progression on the cable we put our elastic longes over the forearm. For horizontal progression if we move to the left the longes will be put over the right forearm otherwise vice versa. In case of vertical progression elastic longes will be put on the forearm closer to the steel cable. This position allows us to have always near us carabiners, simplifying the progression from one segment to another, especially in vertical strokes.

3 - Moving from one segment to another: for safety issue on each segment must pass only a person (ferratista) at a time. When we are going to move from one segment to another we must use only one hand to move the carabiners one at a time. Always a carabiner must remain hooked to the steel cable. Once we free a segment making it viable by another ferratista we can give the voice command 'free'.

4 - Steel cable: Steel cable may seem the easiest way to progress in Ferrata but in particular condition is not ideal: if we assume a fall on the vertical segment with hands that are holding the steel cable we are going to suffer friction (and abrasion!) that gloves also could not avoid. For horizontal progression it is permissible holding the cable to face a exposed segments.



Info and reservation:

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